The discharge from the genitals can bother not only girls but also men. Male secretions are normally odorless. Their source is the urethra. In women, the discharge is called leucorrhoea. If you notice an unhealthy discharge in your body, urgently go to a face-to-face appointment with a urologist.
Norm or pathology?
The urethra is the male urethra. From there, they appear over time. There is such a thing as urethritis. It can be physiological or libidinal. From the outlet of the urethra, the discharge is clear in color. It occurs in the morning, right after waking up or when a man is sexually aroused.
Urinary tract may be more pronounced or weaker. Lubricants secreted upon stimulation contain sperm. So, if you don't want to have a baby yet, it's a good idea to protect yourself with preliminary genital caresses. The discharge in men helps sperm pass through the urethra and out into the vagina of a partner. After all, the environment there is acidic, and this is harmful to sperm survival.
Bloody stools may be the second leading cause of purulent discharge in boys and men. When a man pushes, he will see an odorless, colorless discharge at the tip of the penis. They can sometimes have gray-white impurities. Their consistency is viscous. These are secretions from the prostate gland and seminal vesicles. May appear on completion of bladder emptying. Then it is called the microscopic prostate. In some extremely rare cases, a man notices such a discharge after coughing. It is not a disease, but a disorder that can be cured.
The next type of discharge from the male genitals is. It includes the secret of the sebaceous glands of the head of the penis and foreskin. If a man washes, changes underwear, and doesn't wear someone else's underwear, these secretions are washed away. And they won't be the center of attention. If hygiene is not good, a sizable amount of smegma can accumulate. Pathological flora will multiply and grow there, because the genitals and underwear will have an unpleasant odor.
Sperm - discharge, in which there is a lot of smermia (sperm). Sperm are released during ejaculation, that is, at the moment of orgasm during sexual intercourse of a different nature. In addition, men sometimes have wet dreams in their dreams, in which sperm is also released from the penis.
Nightmares occur mainly during puberty. This is 2-5 cases per month. But with changes in the balance of hormones, it is possible to have wet dreams even several times a week. If sperm does not come out of the penis at the time of orgasm, this is called "". This is a disease caused by a violation of muscle tone in the vas deferens. Basically, this happens with brain diseases or chronic inflammation in the ducts.
Discharge from hospital
Physiological discharges commonly seen in males and males are described above. Here we will look at electrical discharges associated with health problems. Basically, the disease discharge from the urethra causes men to have urethritis. This is an inflammatory process that develops in the urethra. Infection or non-infectious factors can cause urethritis.
Infection can be specific or non-specific. The main specificity is trichomoniasis or gonorrhea. And nonspecific urethritis can be triggered by pathogens such as:
- Staphylococcus aureus
Noninfectious causes of urethritis and associated discharge from the genital tract:
- trauma, urethral stricture
- chemical irritation
- mechanical damage to mucous membranes
- The effect of allergens
Discharge from the genital tract in men can vary in color, as well as transparency. It depends on how active the inflammation is, at what stage, what kind of plant is causing it. The composition of secretions from the penis includes:
- cells of different origin
If more than one component is named last, the discharge becomes cloudy, which the man himself can see with the naked eye. If epithelial cells are present in the secretion in large numbers, the secretion will thicken and be gray in color.
Symptoms of Candida:
- white patches on the tip of the penis
- The tip of the penis has an unpleasant odor, reminiscent of yeast or sourdough.
- There are unpleasant sensations on the penis and in the perineum: burning, itching, sometimes pain
- secrete more when emptying the bladder
- red spots on the tip of the penis and inside the foreskin
- white discharge at times other than urinating
- pain during sex (on the head and on the foreskin)
- partner (wife, daughter) complains of discomfort to pain during intercourse
- partner has a thick white discharge
The second possible cause of white discharge in men is infection with ureaplasmosis, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis. It can also be an inflammation of the prostate gland, the symptoms of which are:
- frequent urination
- discomfort during bowel movements
- burning in the perineum and urethra
- Intermittent and difficult bladder emptying
- sexual disorder
If prostatitis is left untreated, the ability to have an erection will disappear, and it will also be impossible to have children in the future. Therefore, if you experience one or more of the above symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.
Trichomoniasis can cause yellow discharge in men. But in most cases, the disease has a latent course, meaning there will be no symptoms. If symptoms persist, there will be, among other things, them:
- discomfort in the perineum
- feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen
- frequent and excessive urination
- burning and stinging when urinating
The first probable (and most innocuous) reason is a violation of hygiene. As noted above, smegma is a normal (disease-free) male secretion. If you don't wash regularly, at least once a day, then stains will build up, bacteria will multiply in them, causing unpleasant odors. These scents can vary from person to person.
If you follow the rules of hygiene and the unpleasant smell persists, your doctor may suspect you have a metabolic disorder. In such cases, the most common cause is diabetes mellitus. Smegma will stand out in a sufficiently large amount, as the laundry will get wet.
The infection also causes an odorous discharge in men. Basically, a pathological process occurs in the urethra. Your doctor may suspect urethritis due to a urinary tract infection. The nature of the discharge is described above. If the discharge from the penis has a sour smell in men, it is most likely a urogenital Candida infection.
If the discharge from the genitals has a fishy smell, the man most likely has ringworm. The same pathogens in women cause a so-called disease. But these are very rare cases, in women the disease is much more common. Gardnerella is a conditionally pathogenic plant. It multiplies when exposed to certain elements. Factors for the development of vitiligo:
- promiscuous sex life
- tight synthetic underwear (made from unnatural materials)
- prolonged courses of antibiotics or immunosuppressants
- spermicidal condoms
- urinary tract infections
- reduced immunity
Blood in the stool in men
The main cause is infection. The discharge may be completely bloody or include streaks of blood. If the infection multiplies in the urethra, then you will notice such a symptom in yourself, but not necessarily. Urethritis is mainly caused by infection with Candida, Trichomonas or gonorrhea. The stronger the inflammation, the more blood is secreted.
The second probable reason is carelessly performed medical manipulations. The urethra is injured and thus blood is released. Procedures that can damage the urethra:
- remove catheter
- take a cotton swab
Blood distribution is simultaneous. It should be noted that in this case, bright red blood, without clots, quickly stops.
The passage of stones and sand is the next cause of bleeding in the penis. They are secreted from the kidneys or bladder and pass through the urethra. Hard microscopic, they damage the mucous membranes and walls of blood vessels, becoming a direct cause of bleeding. There is also pain.
It also causes, in some cases, discharge with blood. Blood in the urine that a man sees when he goes to the bathroom is called gross hematuria. Then, at the same time, symptoms such as increased blood pressure and swelling appear.
There can also be an even more serious cause of bleeding in men and men - cancer. Malignant tumors can be in organs such as:
- prostate, etc. v.
Then the blood will be brown or dark, with blood clots in the discharge.
Isolate blood from semen
Such discharges are called "hematospermia". It can be right and wrong. If the hematospermia is false, then the blood will mix with the semen as it moves through the urethra. If this is true, the blood has mixed with the sperm even before it has passed through the urethra.
Hematospermia is manifested by such signs (clinical picture):
- urination disorder
- pain during ejaculation
- discomfort and back pain
- pain and/or swelling in the genitals
- high body temperature
Causes of bleeding with semen:
- prolonged sexual abstinence
- excessively active sex life (during sex, blood vessel walls are torn)
- varicose veins of the pelvic organs
- stones in the testicles and vas deferens
- malignant and benign formations in the genital organs
- genital surgery
The health of a man is evidenced by physiological discharge from the outlet of the urethra, which is observed in the following cases:
Physiological increase in salivary or urethral secretion
This condition occurs when a clear discharge appears on the tip of the penis during sexual arousal or in the morning, right after sleep. Their number in different men varies and is directly related to the severity of sexual arousal. But in any case, it should be remembered that such discharges when stimulated will contain small amounts of sperm, so if they get into your partner's genitals, she runs the risk of pregnancy. . The function of the secretion is described as to ensure the movement of sperm through the urethra and vagina of the woman, where there is an acidic environment detrimental to the "gum", and enter them in a viable form into the chamber. uterus and fallopian tubes. for the egg to be fertilized.
During increased intra-abdominal pressure (when pushing), a clear, odorless, grayish-white discharge may appear on the tip of the penis. Such secretions are viscous and consist of a mixture of prostate secretions and seminal vesicles. Similar discharges may also appear at the end of urination, in which case they indicate prostatic bleeding. In some special cases, such discharge is also accompanied by a strong cough. They are not considered an organic pathology, but only indicate a violation of the autonomic regulation of the functioning of the genital organs.
Smegma (pre-sex lubrication) is a secretion consisting of secretions from the sebaceous glands of the head of the penis and foreskin. Usually, if a man observes the rules of personal hygiene, such wastes do not cause inconvenience, since they are mechanically washed off with water. But if not cleaned, dirt will accumulate and microorganisms multiply in it, which is the source of unpleasant odors.
Sperm, which contains a large number of sperm, is usually released during ejaculation (ejaculation) at the end of intercourse or spontaneously, in a dream (pollution). Wet dreams are observed in adolescent boys and occur several times a month, or 1-3 times per week (hormonal changes).
In some cases, hyperspermia, i. e. the flow of sperm from the urethra without sexual intercourse and orgasm, indicates a pathology when the tone of the muscular layer of the vas deferens is disturbed. in the presence of chronic inflammatory disease or encephalopathy.
Discharge from hospital
All other discharges that go beyond physiological are pathological and manifest mainly as urethritis or urethritis. different, they can be infectious and non-infectious.
Infectious causes are divided into specific and non-specific.
- Specific etiological factors include sexually transmitted diseases, this and.
- Nonspecific infectious urethritis caused by opportunistic bacteria, viruses and fungi:
- urethritis caused by chlamydia;
- ureaplasma and mycoplasmal urethritis;
- Candida urethritis or urogenital candidiasis in men;
- herpetic urethritis and others (E. coli, streptococci, staphylococci).
Non-infectious factors of inflammation include:
- allergic reaction
- mechanical damage to the urethral mucosa
- chemical urethral irritation
- trauma, urethral stricture.
Male discharge can vary in transparency and color. These parameters are influenced by the intensity of the inflammatory process, its stage and the etiological factor. Secretions are made up of fluid, mucus, and various cells.
- Humus - if there are many cells, then the discharge is cloudy.
- Gray or solid - with a predominance of epithelial cells in the secretions, they acquire a gray color and become thickened.
- Yellow, green or yellow-green - when a large number of white blood cells are contained in the secretions, they become yellow and even green, they are also called purulent discharges.
It should be noted that with the same pathology, the nature of the discharge changes over time.
White discharge in men is due to a number of causes. First of all, it is necessary to rule out candidiasis (see). With this disease, the following symptoms are observed:
- the tip of the penis has an unpleasant smell of sourdough or yeast;
- the tip of the penis is covered with a white paint;
- there is itching, burning and even pain in the penis and in the perineum;
- discharge occurs when urinating;
- Red spots (irritation, inflammation) are noted on the head and inner surface of the foreskin;
- pain during intercourse, discomfort in the head and foreskin area;
- white discharge is noted not only when urinating;
- The partner complains of itching and burning sensation, pain during intercourse, and thick discharge.
- Chlamydia, ureaplasmosis - clear mucus discharge can occur with chlamydial or ureaplasmic urethritis in the chronic stage of the disease. With an exacerbation of the process in the secretions, the number of leukocytes increases, and they have a greenish or yellowish color.
- Trichomoniasis, gonorrhea - also transparent, profuse discharge with a large amount of mucus, visible during the day, possibly in the early stages of Trichomonas or gonococci infection. In the case of chlamydia (uremic sepsis), there is usually no subjective sensation (pain, itching, burning) and clear discharge after prolonged urination.
Purulent discharge, including sloughing of the urethral epithelium, a significant number of white blood cells and urethral mucus, is yellow or green. Yellow or green discharge is a characteristic sign of sexually transmitted diseases.
- Gonorrhea - thick discharge with an unpleasant odor, observed during the day and accompanied by pain during urination. A man should first think about a UTI if he has a classic pair of symptoms: discharge and itching.
- Trichomoniasis - there is also a yellow discharge, trichomoniasis is not excluded, although it is usually asymptomatic. With severe symptoms of trichomoniasis, in addition to the discharge of pus, the man is disturbed by a frequent and irresistible urge to urinate, a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen and discomfort in the perineum. .
In particular, unpleasant odors can be observed in the perineum and penis if the sanitary conditions of the private area are not ensured:
- Smegma is a great breeding ground for microorganisms, which multiply and die, creating an unpleasant odor if you do not regularly wash your external genitals thoroughly.
- In addition, the smegma itself can have an unpleasant odor in the case of a metabolic disorder. At the same time, the secretion of smegma is so intense that it seeps through the panties.
A foul-smelling discharge is often observed with an infectious lesion of the urethra. First of all, it is necessary to rule out gonorrhea urethritis - a thick, yellow or green discharge that occurs all day.
A sour-smelling discharge is a pathogenesis of urogenital candidiasis. Infection with fungi of the genus Candida causes the appearance of a milky or milky discharge (see).
A fishy-smelling discharge may also occur, which is inherent in vitiligo, a rather specific disease in women (called bacterial vaginosis), and in men the development of this disease ismeaningless. Gardnerella belongs to conditionally pathogenic microorganisms and begins to multiply actively only under certain conditions:
- weakening of the immune system;
- at the same time inflammatory processes of the genital organs;
- intestinal dysbacteriosis;
- use condoms with spermicide;
- long-term treatment with antibiotics or immunosuppressants (cytostatics, corticosteroids);
- tight underwear of synthetic fabrics;
- promiscuous sex life.
Discharge with blood
Bleeding or bleeding with streaks of blood is often observed with an infectious lesion of the urethra. Mixed blood is characteristic of UTIs, trichomoniasis, or candidiasis of the urethra. Furthermore, blood volume is directly related to the intensity of inflammation.
Most often, blood is observed in chronic urethritis (the mucous membrane of the urethra loosens and reacts with bleeding when exposed to the slightest irritation, including passing through the urinary tract).
Another reason for this is injury to the urethra during medical procedures. In the case of rough hygiene, catheterization and removal, cystoscopy, or smear sampling, a period of bleeding can be observed. They differ in that the blood is bright red without clots, and the blood stops very quickly on its own.
The path of stone and sand
In addition, discharge with blood may be observed when small stones or sand (from the kidney or bladder) pass through the urethra. The hard surface of the microparticles damages the mucosa and vessel walls, causing bleeding. In this case, blood is most noticeable when urinating, accompanied by pain.
Generalized hematuria can also occur in the presence of glomerulonephritis. In this case, there is a triad of symptoms: gross hematuria, edema, and hypertension.
Isolate blood from semen
We must not forget about such a symptom as hematospermia. There are fake and real hemophilia. With fake blood, it is mixed with semen during its passage through the urethra. And with real blood entering the ejaculate even before it passes through the urethra. Hematospermia is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- pain during ejaculation;
- urinary disorders;
- pain and/or swelling in the genitals (testicles and scrotum);
- discomfort and back pain;
- increase body temperature.
Some of the causes of hemophilia are:
- an excessively active sex life or vice versa,
- abstinence from prolonged sexual intercourse, during intercourse with rupture of blood vessels in the tissues of the genital organs.
- Previous surgery or biopsy can also cause blood in the semen
- Hematospermia presents with benign and malignant neoplasms of the genital organs
- with the presence of stones in the testicles and vas deferens
- with varicose veins of the pelvic organs.
As you know, discharge from the male penis can be both physiological and pathological. Physiology includes secretions resulting from the action of the gonads, including the result of sexual arousal.
Such discharges from the penis are a clear viscous liquid and do not cause any discomfort in men by their presence. Physiological discharge from the tip of the penis in healthy men is normal and quite common. The rest of the discharge on the glans in men is pathological in nature and, as a rule, is accompanied by a specific infection.